Pediatric experts have summarized the following 25 most important principles for the protection and health care of young children.
The longer you breastfeed, the healthier your baby will be. Because in breast milk contains nutrients to help the baby’s resistance develop against allergies and infectious diseases.
2. Get vaccinated
In order to keep your baby’s health well, you need to take your baby to the doctor for on-time vaccination. Vaccines will help the child’s body build immunity to common diseases. Don’t worry too much because they are very safe!
3. Keep your home safe with your children
Child hospital admissions are often due to sudden accidents and more than half of them happen at home. So never leave your baby alone, put dangerous objects out of their reach and equip additional supporting devices such as stair doors, fire alarms …
4. Mix the milk properly
When breastmilk is inadequate, be very careful with bottle-feeding. Avoid diluting milk too dilute, which will prevent the milk from providing enough nutritional needs of the child’s body. On the contrary, if the formula is too thick, it will make the child’s kidneys work too hard.
5. Be very careful in your own diet
When you breastfeed, you pass everything you absorb into your baby’s body through breast milk. So avoid caffeinated beverages or alcohol. Limit yourself to 2 or 3 cups of tea, coffee or a small glass of wine per day. Avoid feeding your baby 2-3 hours after drinking it, giving your body enough time to get rid of the alcohol. Also, smoking increases the amount of caffeine in breast milk.
6. Always have paracetamol in your home
Paracetamol syrup helps to reduce fever. If you still wonder about the dosage for your baby, ask your doctor for advice, it also depends on your baby’s weight. Do not arbitrarily give medications to your child when he is younger than 3 months.
Pay attention immediately when the thermometer shows that your child’s body temperature is too high: 38oC for children under 3 months, 38.3oC for children from 3-6 months and 39.4oC for children over 6 months. There are also other unusual danger signs such as your baby’s failure to respond to your teasing or skin rashes.
7. Deep sleep
Children under 2 years of age need 13 hours of sleep a day: 10 hours of nighttime sleep and an additional 1 or 2 hours of napping during the day.
Getting enough sleep is very important for a child’s development. During sleep, growth hormone is released, nutrients are absorbed, and the amount of knowledge is processed and strengthened by the brain. Sleeping or resting also helps your baby improve resistance. Children who regularly miss sleep tend to be contagious with infectious diseases, are easily irritable, overactive, lack of concentration, and do not develop sufficient social skills.
8. Regularly play with your baby
Laughter stimulates the release of endorphins, the natural pain reliever in the body. Laughter is the best medicine, it relieves stress and helps heal mind, body and soul. Optimism helps to make problems less stressful. Laughter is contagious and helps to cheer those around you.
And most importantly, ask yourself, don’t take anything too seriously. Just be gentle, and the surrounding situation will be like that too!
9. Practice for your baby to sleep on time
To improve sleep, children need to practice sleeping at the right time from an early age. Try the following cycle for your baby each night: drink 1 cup of milk, brush your teeth, wash your face, change into sleeping clothes, good night, listen to a short story, soothe and turn off the light slowly. Always encourage your child to go to bed and sleep in their own bed.
10. Wash your hands
Make it a habit to wash your hands thoroughly before and after holding your baby, in case you can pass on food poisoning bacteria to your baby, or from diapers to others.
11. Enjoy a walk
Taking your child away to cool down in a fresh air will help a lot in the child’s emotional development, he will become happier. You can also enjoy those moments for yourself. It is also a way to relax!
12. Use fresh food
Fresh fruit or fruit is very good for your child’s health, eating it fresh helps your baby’s body absorb more nutrients and vitamins when cooked.
13. Quit smoking
Letting your child breathe in cigarette smoke increases the likelihood of sudden death and causes really serious breathing problems, including asthma.
14. Give your child plenty of water
Sweeten your baby and encourage your baby to get into the habit of drinking water every time he is thirsty until he stops breastfeeding. Avoid adding sugar-containing foods and drinks to your baby’s diet as much as possible. That will help your baby shape their taste buds and reject sweets.
15. Pay attention to every development in your baby’s body
Problems with vision, hearing or general development are easier to treat if they are found early.
16. Practice exercise for your baby
As soon as your child can move, encourage him or her to be as active as possible. At this age, being active is important for good development of the heart, limbs and lungs.
17. Regularly massage your baby
Massage is also related to helping your baby gain weight because you will help them feel more comfortable and then sleep better. Massage for your baby is also a way for you to show your love and care. This also helps to tighten the bond between parents and children, as many studies show that massage also helps to ease gas, abdominal pain, easier blood circulation and stimulates the system. children’s digestion.
18. Don’t forget green vegetables
Green leafy vegetables like spinach or broccoli are great sources of vitamins for a child’s development. They also contain calcium that helps make baby’s bones and teeth stronger.
19. Exposure to the sun
Sunlight is great to help your baby develop strong bones, but apply a layer of sunscreen at level 15 – the lightest level of protection. However, avoid strong midday and afternoon sunlight that shines directly on baby’s skin.
20. Cuddle your baby more
Bring your kids a feeling of love, protection, and security. Hold your baby in your arms whenever you can while reading, playing or watching TV.
21. Be careful when using salt
Do not add salt or any spices to baby food until after 10 months of age, because their kidneys cannot filter sodium effectively. Even when your child is older, you should limit foods that are too salty like cheese, bacon or seasoned snacks to avoid your baby’s preference for salty tastes.
22. Keep your child cool
If your baby has a fever, keep him cool. A pajamas is enough, no need for a jacket.
23. Don’t wean too soon
During the first six months of life, breast milk is all your baby needs. If you want your baby to wean earlier, consult a gynecologist.
24. Protect the child’s ears
Eliminate the risk of ear infections for your baby by keeping your baby’s ears as dry as possible. Pat your baby’s ears dry with cotton balls, but avoid using cotton swabs.
25. Servings: yes and no
To prevent childhood obesity and its effects on later life, ensure that your child is eating a balanced diet of fruits and vegetables, and limiting fast foods and snacks. seasoning.