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Top 5 Allergenic Foods in Children

Experts have found that there are more than 160 allergenic foods, including milk – a drink familiar to children. Here is a list of 6 foods and drinks that make children most allergic

All foods have an allergic risk to children, but 90% of allergies come mainly from six food groups: milk, eggs, peanuts, nuts, soybeans and wheat. The following article will help mothers know the signs and symptoms of food allergies in their babies.

Identify food allergens for your baby

You should offer new foods gradually, one at a time, in case your baby has a food allergy. If you give your baby a variety of new foods, it can be difficult to determine which specific food allergies your baby is allergic to. For example, if you feed your baby three new foods a day and your baby has an allergic reaction, you won’t know which foods cause your baby’s irritation.

Foods or order are not something you need to care about, as long as you feed your baby healthy and balanced foods . Every time you give your baby a new food, you should wait 3 – 5 days before adding another dish to the menu.

5 foods that cause allergies for children

Cow’s milk

Research shows that the status of allergy to cow’s milk in children under 3 years old accounts for about 2-3%. The reason this drink is one of the most allergenic foods is because it is the first food babies eat in large amounts, especially in the form of a bottle.

With an allergy, your baby will show signs of abdominal pain or dermatitis. At this time, mothers must avoid putting milk in their children’s diets. For breastfed babies, but these signs still appear, you must also discontinue cow’s milk from your diet.


Allergy to eggs in children is mainly caused by egg whites. However, the whites can be mixed with the yolks, so to be safest, mothers should avoid feeding babies eggs when there are signs of an allergy. To ensure good nutrition , protein, minerals and vitamins , you can replace eggs with foods of equivalent nutritional value such as fish meat, dairy products, whole grains and nuts. legumes. You should be careful when offering bread because some types of bread may have eggs on the surface. In addition, some crispy foods also contain the egg ingredient in the dough.

Peanuts and nuts

Like eggs, a nutritious diet doesn’t have to include peanuts. Most people who are allergic to peanuts are not allergic to other legumes. Even after having a blood and skin test, people allergic to peanuts also showed signs of a positive response to other beans.

Nuts such as walnuts, pecans, cashews, Brazil nuts, almonds, and hazelnuts can cause allergies with the same severity as an allergy to peanuts. One child may be allergic to only 3 types of nuts while another may be allergic to many. We cannot know what causes allergies, what not. So to be safe, you should keep your child abstain from all nuts. Parents should let their caregivers, teachers, friends and other family members know of their child’s condition for absolute prevention. Even the smallest amount of seeds in the diet can cause symptoms. The majority of the most serious allergies are nut allergies.


Like an allergy to cow’s milk, children allergic to soy milk often have symptoms of rash, runny nose, wheezing, diarrhea, vomiting … caused by soy protein. Some babies are allergic to cow’s milk, and after switching to soy milk, signs of allergy still appear. It is best for parents to consult a doctor to choose the right formula for the baby. These types of milk usually have a protein and hydrolyzed amino acid composition. Therefore, children with soy allergies can still be safe with soybean oil due to its low protein content. Lexithin is a fat extract from soybeans. Lexithin has a very low soy protein content, so it is usually safe for people who are allergic.

Wheat and gluten

In whole grains, rice and oats are often recommended due to the less frequent cause of allergy problems. Children who are not allergic to oats should also have no problem with wheat. Wheat is often found in many processed foods, but is less allergenic than other foods.

There are 2 types of negative immune responses caused by wheat. The first category includes typical symptoms such as a rash or wheezing right after the child eats foods containing wheat. Type 2 causes intestinal disease.

Gluten is a protein found in grains like wheat, rye or barley. In sensitive children, a gluten allergy causes damage to the small intestine wall and interferes with nutrient absorption. These lesions may be difficult to detect for a while.

Some of the typical symptoms caused by intestinal diseases are abdominal pain, diarrhea, easy temper, weight loss, slow growth. Signs of intestinal disease can appear right after the first time using cereals, but there are also cases that it is not until adolescence, even adulthood, to detect and treat because symptoms only affect. Enjoyed small but dull lasting.

Symptoms of food allergy should be monitored by your baby

Allergy symptoms usually appear very soon after your baby eats – usually within a few minutes to a few hours. If you are introducing a new food to your baby, consider the following symptoms:

  • A rash or swollen baby skin with red outlines
  • Redness or rash in the baby’s skin
  • Your baby’s face, tongue or lips are swollen
  • Vomiting or diarrhea
  • Cough or wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of consciousness

A severe allergic reaction can be fatal. If your baby has difficulty breathing / wheezing, swelling of the face / lips,  severe vomiting  or diarrhea after eating, immediately call the emergency number 115.

Coping with a common food allergy in children

If you find your baby has common symptoms of mild allergies such as hives or hives, contact your pediatrician for a more accurate assessment of your baby’s condition. Once your baby’s allergy type has been identified, your doctor will outline a specific treatment plan and deal with possible accidental risks.

Remember, an allergic reaction to a food may be mild the first time, but may get worse the next. Talk to your pediatrician about any allergic symptoms in your baby.

Some allergies usually go away over time. Egg and milk allergies usually go away as babies get older, but allergies to peanuts, tree nuts, and shellfish tend to last long.

Protect your baby from food allergies

Many pediatricians still recommend that you wait for your baby to get a little older – until he is 9 or 10 months old – before you introduce the allergenic foods listed above. Even if your baby is not at risk for allergies to these foods, experts note that an allergic reaction in older children can still be more easily controlled than in younger children.

You should not give cow’s milk to babies under 1 year old because the proteins in whole milk can irritate your baby’s stomach. However, yogurt and soft cheeses are good for babies because the proteins in these dairy products have been broken down and are less likely to cause problems. You should also only give honey to your baby when he or she is at least 1 year old (some experts believe that until the baby is 2 years old) – honey can cause botulism in babies.

If you have symptoms of an allergic reaction, take the baby to the pediatrician immediately. In addition, you also need to learn more about the foods that cause allergies and the difference between food allergies and common indigestion to come up with the right solution.